UPDATE: We are performing custom van conversions through our new site, ModularVan.com. This blog also notes the use of 80/20, which was a PAIN! That’s why we’ve made a ready to install Interior Mounting System available to purchase.
It’s hard not to love the interior of a raw planked boat hull or the look of a Japanese hot soaking tub. Conversely, it’s pretty easy to dislike the look of cheap “wooden” sheet paneling. For the interior of Bonny Lass, we needed to get high-tech with a flexible mounting solution. But we didn’t want to sacrifice any style or warmth along the way.
We wanted form and function.
During the entire design and build-out, we consciously selected and installed materials to avoid outgassing on a hot day. We don’t want Bonny to stink of hot lacquer, spray foam, glue, or whatever when it’s 100 degrees outside and we’re just back from a bike ride. No one likes a stinky van when they’re trying to cool off and relax.
You know what else no one likes? Squeaking. Have you ever tried searching for a squeak in your vehicle while driving down the road? Not very safe but it’s the only way to find it. Things don’t squeak when you’re parked.
Both of these considerations drove the design and execution of the interior wall system. The end goal was to create a warm inviting interior, that also had modular functionality.
For the cladding on the Sprinter van interior walls, we opted for the warm honey look of clear vertical grain (CVG) Douglas Fir with a natural hard wax top coat. We avoided the use of overlapped tongue and groove product, because of the fear of squeaking—unfounded or not. And the results speak (not squeak) for themselves.
Another design and functional consideration for the interior was a mounting system that would give us a tremendous amount of flexibility. We opted for a low-profile 80/20 T-Slot once again for the flexibility that allowed for on-the-fly changes. This time we chose a sexy anodized black finish. The interior track system needed to go in first, so let’s start there.
We knew the wood slats would need to fit in between the interior track system components, and that the track system needed to be mounted accurately. So, we started with the track.
These were the major requirements:
The adjustable bed needed to have a vertical movement range to allow for sleeping at a lower position, and also be up and out of the way for transport of a motorcycle, bicycles, and that undesirable day when we’ll be moving our home. (Stay tuned for a future post on the bed system.)
Basically, the tracks would be securing a pretty decent amount of weight—especially in an accident or very sudden stop—and we needed to engineer the **** out of it.
The 80/20 material doesn’t come milled but we wanted a countersunk screw to allow for the nuts in the T-Slot to be able to slide freely. So, we put together a jig for drilling the T-Slot profile, with a stepped countersink drill to complete it all in one pass.
In one of the great disappointments of 2017, we discovered that our drill press didn’t have a large enough chuck for a 5/16 stepped countersunk drill as it has a ¾” shank. And our drill press has a 7/16″ collet. This led to the tedious trial of chucking a reduced shank 11/16” drill, drilling, chucking the 5/16 drill, drilling, and then chucking a countersink, and drilling yet again.
For each hole….80 times, 240 operations all in all. Tedious. (See the ‘In Hindsight’ section below.)
However, the installation and strength came out looked great. And on the real test—the open road on some gnarly, beat-up washboards that will make you question your dental work—the cabinetry we later installed held up wonderfully and remained very secure.
Installing the T-Slot involved temporarily positioning it with a conservative amount of VHB tape, and match drilling the steel pillars of the van. We were VERY careful not to push too hard and hit the outside paneling of the van. We didn’t want to create a nice pimple on Bonny Lass.
Okay, we pushed too hard, which did create a very nice pimple. Twice. It was rectified with a thin dowel of wood and a mallet, carefully struck. Bodywork skills, check.
Measuring twice and using a wood template to layout the upper horizontal tracks was a huge help in making sure they were lined up and consistent. After match drilling the first hole, it was important to install the Rivnut and screw the T-Slot into place. THEN match drill another, install the Rivnut, and THEN and only then, match drill the remaining holes. Considering we used countersunk screws in the T-Slots, the hole locations needed to be very accurate for risk of misalignment.
Since we couldn’t receive T-Slot lengths longer than 6’ without excessive shipping charges, and the interior length is ~14’, we ordered in sections and used spring pins at the joints. It worked great for a seamless install.
In addition to the the horizontal sets of T-Slot tracks, front to back, top and bottom on both sides, a set of vertical tracks in the rear to mount the bed was also needed. The plan seemed straightforward at the time, until we noticed that the sides of the Sprinter walls were curved.
In an effort to make things more difficult (ie, get a net fit), we took the the vertical T-Slot extrusions to our local vendor, along with a cardboard cutout template of the wall profile. They did a great job rolling a curve into the T-Slot material so that it fit on the pillars perfectly.
Installing the Rivnuts was a lesson in humility. Holy moly you better bring your Kung-Fu grip if you’re going to use a manual Rivnut tool. We started off that way but quickly got back on Amazon for a pneumatic Rivnut tool.
After a couple of angled installations, and sore hands and having to drill out poorly installed Rivnuts, the investment of a pneumatic Rivnut tool was worth every penny. You won’t be disappointed if you go that route. Fast and accurate, although not cheap. Here is the link to the manual version.
After the interior track system was in place, we could focus on installing the 1/2″ x 3-1/2″ Douglas Fir cladding. Instead of finishing them in place, we finished all sides of the fir to avoid inconsistent moisture absorption and reduce the likelihood of warping. We set up a finish assembly line and used two coats of Osmo PolyX hand-rubbed hard wax.
We knew at some point the van was also going to get hot, and we didn’t want any smell from the finish. Since they use this stuff for baby toys, I figured we were safe. This wax is tough stuff. It wears very well, and it’s easy to apply and repair. Most importantly, it looks beautiful and puts a wonderful glow on the wood.
After all of the material was prefinished, measured twice, and then cut, we again applied some VHB to the ribs of the van to reduce squeaking, and spaced the wood slats with a 1/16th spacer. We then placed the wood in position with the VHB and accurately pilot drilled the wood in place and through the ribs of the van.
Gaps are important between wood slats as they allow for a bit of airflow with the insulation. It can get pretty moist in the PNW and we wanted to make sure things would breathe. Another important reason for the gaps is related to expansion. CVG wood will expand and contract, fairly considerably.
The last step was driving a thread forming b-type screw. Voila! Secure and beautiful.
The screw choice was carefully considered. We chose the thread forming type, versus the cutting type, as it will be less inclined to back out over time. The ‘B’ designation means it’s a dull point so it won’t cut into electrical lines on the backside of panels.
The best thing about all of this? The challenges, successes, head dipping shameful mistake moments? Was that we were building the van with the power from the van!
In the end, we hit the utility and beauty mark with a gorgeous blend of black anodized T-Slot with mounting points all over the place, and finish woodwork to warm things up. The end result? High-tech cozy. Stay tuned for our next post about the adjustable modular bed design!
80/20 milling is a PITA. We developed another solution that takes about a 10th of the time. No 3 step milling process of the extrusion is necessary. What we’ve developed is cheaper, lighter, just as strong, and MUCH easier to install. Check out our ready to install Sprinter Interior Mounting System Kit. Now available for purchase.
In general, the effort installing the mounting track has paid back may times in huge dividends. Definitely will do it again, but will be doing in a way that’s easier with the new mounting kit.
The Douglas Fir is amazing—no qualms there. However, with the reflective Low-E behind it, and the 1/16” gaps, you can sometimes see it. And, that’s annoying. If I ever use the Low-E again, I’d put up a black scrim so that you can’t see the Low-E through the cladding. But actually, I question even using it. Great for the window covers we made, but don’t see a lot of benefit to it for the cost based on it’s radiant performance characteristics.